(Padua 1813 – Rome 1865)
Caneva began his career in the field of figurative arts as a perspective painter and was interested in architecture and aeronautics. In 1838, he moved to Rome and, in the late 1840s, learned photography techniques and in particular the daguerreotype and the calotype. In 1847, he made a calotype, dated and signed, of Piazza Bocca della Verità which is considered the oldest calotype image taken by a photographer living in the city. In the 1850s, Caneva became part of the Circolo Fotografico Romano, established by the painter and photographer Frédéric Flachéron with the intention of spreading new photography techniques and portraying the most famous sites in the city, but his practice also included views of the Roman countryside and traditional customs, as well as art reproductions.