(Kingston upon Thames 1830–1904)
A British photographer, as early as 1850 he visited the United States, and quickly became interested in the daguerreotype through his friend Silas Selleck, with whom he established the Cosmopolitan Gallery of Photography Art. Afterwards he devoted his time above all to animal movement, using the chronophotography and thus becoming a pioneer in motion photography. In fact, thanks to The Horse in Motion, a famous photo sequence that illustrates the various stages of a galloping horse, thanks to 24 cameras positioned along its itinerary and activated by a string as the horse rode passed, Muybridge demonstrated his hypothesis according to which at a precise moment all of the horse’s four legs were raised off the ground. Muybridge continued his experiments with great success, which he divulged in Paris in 1886. The instrument project like the zoopraxiscope and his very famous album Animal locomotion (1887) would contribute to developing filming methods and, therefore, the birth of cinema.